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A city is to install rapid sand filters downstream of the clarifiers. The design loading rate is selected to be 160 m3/(m2 d). The design capacity of the(RAPID SAND FILTER) THE T/J MANUAL IS DESIGNED TO EE USED ON THE JOB AS A READY The water treatment operations as outlined in this manual.
Slow sand filters are very efficient in removal of microorganisms from water. They are described in Fact Sheet 2.12. Rapid filters are used primarily to remove
by gravity-type rapid filters or by slow sand filters. stability of multiple-layer filters is difficult to design and maintain, particularly after.